The economy and labor market of the United States underwent massive changes in the late 1800s. In the industrial north, a growing number of men, women, and children of different racial, ethnic, and occupational backgrounds became wage laborers. In the agricultural south, many former slaves also became wage laborers working for wealthy landowners and employers. One of the major issues in this time period was the conflict between these workers and their employers, the struggle between labor and capital. What were some of the major efforts by workers to form unions or political organizations to improve their jobs in the late 1800s? How easy or difficult was it for workers to unite with one another? Why did employers and government officials often resist these efforts and how did it affect the success of these efforts?
Write a 4 to 5-page, double-spaced paper in 12-point font that addresses the questions posed above. Be sure to base your claims on the assigned readings, documents, and other materials covered in class during weeks 1 through 3. You should use some combination of the prologue and the first three chapters of Who Built America volume 2, Alex Gourevitch’s “Our Forgotten Labor Revolution,” Samuel Gompers’s “What Does Labor Want,” Andrew Carnegie’s The Gospel of Wealth chapter 2, and the “Statement of Pullman Strikers.” Your paper should not mention every possible example from these materials, but adequately analyze and discuss the examples you choose. Your paper should follow standard grammar, punctuation, and citation methods (APA, MLA, or Chicago).
The readings are important sources for the Paper.
Alex Gourevitch’s article, “Our Forgotten Labor Revolution,” Jacobin, August 26, 2015, https://www.jacobinmag.com/2015/08/knights-of-labor-jim-crow-labor-populism-reconstruction
Statement From the Pullman Strikers, June 15, 1894, https://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/pullmanstrikersstatement.html