SCIE 208 American InterContinental University Cell Biology Research PaperCourse

SCIE 208 American InterContinental University Cell Biology Research PaperCourse

SCIE 208 American InterContinental University Cell Biology Research PaperCourse

SCIE 208School

American InterContinental UniversityDepartment

SCIE

Question Description

Cell Biology

The discovery of the antibiotic Penicillin in the 1920s made a big impact on human history. Not only did it provide a cure for bacterial infections that were once deadly, but it also led to a golden age in discovery of new antibiotics. The great benefit of these drugs is that antibiotics inhibit the growth of bacterial cells or kill them outright, and yet, on the whole, do not harm eukaryotic cells.

Answer BOTH of the following questions:

  1. Given the following list of antibiotics and their targets, explain how each stops bacteria without harming human cells. Base your analyses on the differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
  2. Considering the targets of these antibiotics, explain why antibiotics in general would not be useful for treating a viral infection.
AntibioticTarget
PenicillinBlocks cell wall synthesis
TetracyclineBlocks protein synthesis by binding to the 30S Unit of the ribosome
ChloramphenicolBlocks protein synthesis by binding to the 50S Unit of the ribosome
SulfonamidesInhibit folic acid synthesis
VancomycinBlocks cross-linking of the peptidoglycan in the cell wall

Follow these guidelines for your paper:

  • Utilize at least 1 credible source to support the arguments presented in the paper. Make sure you cite appropriately within your paper, and list the reference(s) in APA format on your Reference page.
  • Your paper should be 1–2 pages in length, not counting the Title page and Reference page.

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