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NSCI 100 VCU Critical Thinking and Personal Experience Video QuestionsCourse

Description

NSCI 100 VCU Critical Thinking and Personal Experience Video QuestionsCourse

NSCI 100School

Virginia Commonwealth UniversityDepartment

NSCI

Question Description

Part 1: Select the best answer unless indicated.

  1. Circle all the statement(s) that complete this sentence. Deception by our senses occurs when:
    1. our conclusion is at odds with all known past experiences.
    2. anecdotal data is prevalent.
    3. our experience is uncorroborated.
    4. any of the peculiarities of our minds could be at work.
    5. empirical data is prevalent.
  2. What influences our perception? Circle all that apply.
    1. Our senses
    2. What we know
    3. What we expect
    4. What we believe
    5. Our psychological state
  3. What are the 2 categories of bias that affect perception?
    1. Perceptual and cognitive
    2. Subject and perceptual
    3. Experimenter and cognitive
    4. Confirmation and expectation
    5. Cognitive and expectation

4. Why did scientists in Nazi Germany observe differences between the blood particles of Jews and the blood particles of the Aryan man?

a. Tests were highly sensitive.
b. Expectation bias played a role.
c. Subject bias was present.
d. Data wasn’t consistently gathered. e. They have different blood types.

5. Which of the following are examples of pareidolia? Circle the 3 answers that apply.

a. seeing a face on Mars
b. seeing animal-shaped clouds
c. creating paintings of pears
d. hearing hidden messages in music

played backwards
e. believing that everyone is against you

6. The autokinetic effect may be the reason why there are_______.

a. Big Foot sightings
b. ghost sightings
c. vampire sightings
d. Loch Ness monster sightings e. UFO sightings

7. Creationists __________ in defending their beliefs.

  1. use the Forer effect
  2. commit fabrication
  3. commit falsification
  4. deny the evidence
  5. use false memories

Part 2: Write True or False next to each statement.

  1. If something seems real, then it must be real.
  2. Perception, memory, and reason are reliable, but fallible.
  3. Our normal perception is like a photograph.
  4. Memory is constructive or creative.
  5. People can mistake a story told to them as the false memory of an event experienced by them.
  6. Subjective validation is related to the Forer Effect.
  7. People who fall victim to availability error commit the fallacy hasty generalization.
  8. Scientists would never underestimate the probability of an unlikely event to occur.

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